Eyelid surgery is the most difficult of any facial plastic surgery procedure. The reason is that the eyelids are extremely delicate and complex structures, so any injury to these tissues, surgical or otherwise, may cause significant alterations in their anatomy and function. Eyelid surgery is so different from any other plastic surgery that a whole surgical specialty has been created for this small area of the face, namely, oculoplastic surgery. Oculoplastic surgeons are eye surgeons, i.e., ophthalmologists, who have received special training in plastic surgery of the eyelids. As such, these surgeons always think first about the integrity of the eye when performing cosmetic or reconstructive surgery of the periocular area.
One the main surgeries that occupy an oculoplastic surgeon consists of repair of eyelid surgery complications. This concerns eyelid surgery that has been performed mainly for cosmetic reasons. When facing this challenge, the oculoplastic surgeon has to recover normal eyelid function while trying to achieve an excellent aesthetic result. The goal is to protect the eye and recover its normal shape at the same time.